Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder, commonly referred to as BPD, is a serious mental illness that can cause severe stress and dangerous consequences if not taken care of. People who suffer from BPD are usually young adults and they tend to see the world in black and white, meaning either some is really good or it is really bad. This way of thinking is also associated with feelings, such as either they deeply love somebody or deeply hate him. Borderline personality disorder can have a major effect on the way a person reacts to certain situations, leading at times to having an unprecedented exaggerated reaction to something quite silly.
Borderline personality disorder signs and symptoms
People who suffer from BPD have an altered perception of the world, of other people and especially of themselves. The most common signs and symptoms include:
- Frequent mood swings
- Perceiving the world and other people as a threat
- Suffering from anxiety and/or depression
- Suicidal thoughts and attempts
- Not being afraid of dangerous and risky situations like unprotected sex, gambling, alcohol abuse, drug use
- Desire to hurt themselves
- Terrified of being alone
- Feeling hopeless and helpless
People who suffer from borderline personality disorder also perceive other people as a bad influence in their lives and tend to push them away, at the same time, however, fearing to be left alone and be abandoned by the loved ones. A sufferer has extreme problems with himself. In fact, he has an altered perception of his image and identity and tends to have a hard time keeping the same job, friends and hobbies for a long time. Moreover, he has difficulties seeming the other shades of color except from black and white in situations where a misunderstanding or a small fight has occurred. One moment the sufferer is idolizing a person, putting him/her on a pedestal and the next moment this person becomes the sufferer’s sworn enemy. A person who has a problem of borderline personality disorder also picks up fights quite easily, and sometimes they can lead to physical rage.
Borderline personality disorder causes
As many mental illnesses, the first cause for borderline personality disorder is to be found in genetics, meaning that if a member of the family or any close relative has been diagnosed with any type of anxiety disorder or depression, as well as BPD, it is likely that the patient in question inherited the same genes. Chemical imbalance in the nervous system is also a major cause for concern when a person is diagnosed with BPD. Moreover, external factors have a major impact on causes for borderline personality disorder. In fact, many people who are diagnosed with BPD have experienced traumatizing and stressful situations such as childhood abuse, abandonment or forced separation from caregivers.
Borderline personality disorder treatment
There are many different types of therapy for people who have been diagnosed with BPD. Among others, these are the most common ones:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy
- Dialectical behavior therapy
- Schema-focused therapy
Sometimes doctors might recommend taking medications along with therapy sessions or, in most severe cases, hospitalization of the patient.